Product Family — Container

My idea is to design a multi-function container. Usually, it can be used as a vase of dry flowers, sometimes it can be opened to contain more small things inside. The inspiration comes from the pattern of walnut and leaves, which inspires me to design a container with organic shape and idea.




Revised version Capture3.jpg

The curves are designed for a container which can be opened in the middle.

For a better interpretation of the model,  I reset the part of setting in my grasshopper.  I don’t change the demand of my grasshopper too much but focus on adjusting the value of fly.

The items below are the test I made.

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colorful 2.gif   Example : Fly via the value of m+ Diamond and distance

Example : Fly via the value of Mesh UV and distance     Colorful5.gif

Part of Final version : (See the whole thing in thread)

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The Original Thread:

The Revised  Thread:


Product Family Final_Wanlu Liu


      This design was mainly inspired by the organic formation of bubbles as they layer on top of each other. The intention was to create a web-like light that would be able to cast interesting shadows on the surfaces of objects below, in order to add removable pattern textures to any surrounding objects. This allows non-permanent patterns to be created as well as allows for there to be changes in the space depending on ethereal qualities. The changes throughout the day will allow this light to incorporate the aspect of time as well into the design. I wanted the shape of the object to be more randomized rather than organized, just like how foam would naturally form without any particular shape and order. Therefore, there is no particular structured look to the project and the light needs to be hung because there is no set base. It really depends on which component numbers you decide to mix together in order to determine whether or not it will be able to stand.

    To achieve this effect I mainly set up a Voronoi shape within a specified cube and then created a curve within that cube set with various points. In order to have these solids adhere to the curve I then mainly used weaverbird to create thickness on the edges so that there is a frame surrounding the individual pieces. The density of these frames can be changed to encompass just outline of the shape or to generate more complex lattices within the borders of the shape. Most of the problems I experienced at this stage came from setting up thickness and from trying to create more variation in the definition to produce diversity.

    In the process of printing, I realized that because there is such a complicated lattice system incorporated it was very difficult to adhere to thickness requirements. I ended up having to add a new command to adjust and control the thickness even more for it to work. This alone took multiple tries and tests of running back and forth between the 3d printing lab and the computer labs.  Even then, in order to print it, the model had to run through magics many times in order to get all the corrections and the printed version required a lot of cleaning up and aftercare work in order to take photographs after. Therefore, I feel that 3d printing technology is still rather limited in what designs it is able to produce off the computer and unfortunately with our current technology a lot of grasshopper definitions cannot yet be realized in real life. Fortunately, with adjusting most of my family members were able to work. It just took some compromises especially in size, thickness and density in order to create a workable shape.



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Possible Further Iterations:

In the last review, I received some critiques about having more specific commands and specific points instead of randomized so I created a variation of the Voronoi command with more movable points.

Product Family – Final

The design of this product family is aimed toward planters. I was inspired by images of existing planters with more of a geometric shape and pattern. I saw potential in using the simplistic geometric shapes to modify and create a new type of pattern. As I was developing my design, I decided to use the same base for all my final planters. This meant that they all have the same size and shape, however, the pattern it produces would be different. To achive this, I used a diamond tiling that enabled me to make a pattern that resulted in holding a bigger shape and held together by a small shape. Depending on the U or V count for the diamond, I was able to generate a variety of patterns that are very different. Because I wanted to make the design a little more exciting, I designed a ‘gradient’ effect, where as the diamond shapes get smaller toward to the bottom; it appears to make the top eventually blend itself to the bottom and creates a blurring between the big and the small.

In the process of 3D printing, I found out that my inital five final products is too thin and it would be too fragile to print. Later, I modified the design a bit further and played around with the thickness of the material more. This made the final 3D printed version of the planters. However, I really wanted to have the printed planters with more of the thinner thickness because I believe that the geometry of the pattern is able to be expressed more in the thinner iterations.


Thread – Product Family

Produce Family- Bracelet-Li Zhung

Before the bracelet design, what I did was the design of the phone cover. Later, because the phone cover requires higher printing details and the accuracy of my home 3D printer is lower, the direction was changed to design the bracelet. Both designs use the same design elements: a random cutout pattern, VORONOI in the grasshopper.

The design is inspired by the pattern of cells and their randomness. According to research, the current urban population has a need for touch, so the design of hollows can enhance the tactile experience of the product and satisfied people. In the process of grasshopper design, I first measured the size of my wrist and hand, to ensure that the finished product can be suitable for my hands, and use this data as the basis of the surface morph. The shape of the bracelet is small in the middle and small at both ends, which is a combination of Rococo and modern minimalist style. By varying the size and number of holes, different patterns and varying degrees of feel can be produced.

Link to Thread:
GIF of Family Members
100 Family Members
3D Printing Process

In the process of 3D printing, I faced some problems. The first is the thickness of the model. I ignored this at the beginning of the design. When the first model was printed, there was too much support PLA material in the hollows due to the thin thickness. Secondly, because there are a lot of hollows in the model, it is easy to appear the dangling of the 3d printed material, which leads to model broke. After that I revised the thickness of the model and appropriately reduced the distance between holes.

Previous Phone Cover Design

In this project, I learned how to use tt toolbox to take screenshots and use thread for visual data analysis, and understand the basic functions of grasshopper. However, there are still many problems that I cannot solve because I lack the ability of control details. In the later study, I will first think deeply about the design details and then use software to archive them.

Privacy screen-Final

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Privacy Screen

Final production.

The screens are intended to have a certain interaction with users, the different kinds of interactions can be altered and controlled by the alternating the level of the overlapping layers.

plan diagram3.jpgplan diagram 2.jpgplan diagram.jpgThe control of the moving Y and X Axises.

The difficulty that I faced was the way to notch three pieces of planes together, the problem with which plane goes on top of which plane will make a better joint instead of creating more tear.


At the point where I solved the notching system, the issue of the weight of the paper comes at the end of the project. In the digital renderings, the folding planes stay at a 90-degree angle. However, in the constructing stage of the project, I realized that it is extremely to hold the plane at a perfect angle. And if one base layer is not at the right angle, the layer above will be at the wrong opening angle as well. Yes, it was a real challenge.

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Product Families Final

Noguchi PortfolioIMG_8361

This series of vases is for single flowers. So the bottle mouth is relatively narrow. At the beginning, the part used to fill the water did not touch the ground. It is attached to the top of the vase. But if you do that, 3d printing will not be possible unless I add support when printing and then take it away. On the other hand, if the water-filled part is attached to the top, the hollow at the top of the vase will be filled. This will lose the effect of hollowing out. So in the end I decided to move the water-filled part down and let it stick to the ground.

I printed them myself, so I can move the settings throughout the printing process. At the beginning, the middle part I didn’t connect well to the bottom. Because it is not standing firmly, it moves back and forth during the printing process. So the first time I printed, the middle part was not successful, I had to stop printing and then modify the design.

Therefore, in order to make them more stable, I added a bottom to the vase.

giphySketch (1)2




Overall, I really like the result. And the project was very interesting to do, although it was a bit hard for me to pick up the skill in the beginning.

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Thread Reports

100 Products




Lantern Family

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illumination.jpgMore thoughts behind the product family….

The initial idea for designing the lantern is to use the gap in between the strings to create an ambient environment.  When I went further in the design process, I figured out that not only the light can passes through the form of the lamp, but also can pass through the material that the lamps are made out of. The density of the strings, the levels of the twisting, the repetition of every level, the tight and release of the top surface all tells the stories of how light is creating an atmosphere for the users.

I decided that the light is shining upwards to the twisted lamps to emphasis and to charm with the upward growth of the string. In the final stage, testing with warm lighting with the lamps, the atmosphere becomes soft and almost diluted; space seems to starts to become a linear element to twist, to grow.


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